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Niavaran complex (locally called Niavaran Palace) is one of the most beautiful historical and cultural attractions of Tehran that is located in a huge garden which dates back to Qajar & Pahlavi periods. Much earlier in 19th century Qajari kings had chosen this spot in order to have a pleasant weather in summer time by Fath Ali Shah as he was the 2nd kings of this period.
This spot has been called Gordeh beh where it was located in vicinity of cane break that is called Neyzar in Farsi and after a while it was named Niavaran. In late 19th century Naser Al Din shah built his own palace that is named Saheb Qaraniyeh which is nowadays one of the most popular ones in this complex and it was where he took his family to live in summer and later on Ahmed Shah built the last pavilion of this complex which is called Kooshk.
In 2nd Pahlavi Era by order of Mohamad Reza Pahlavi, most of the small buildings got destroyed in order to have modern building as he was planning to move in this area with his family, however, he tried to preserve the main buildings of this complex such as Main palace, Saheb Qaraniyeh, Pond house, Koosk as well as library with its inscriptions.
Just before this action, he used to live with his family in Golestan palace but in 1960s he decided to move to north and use Golestan only for excellencies who come to visit him.
What makes visiting this garden very special is architecture of main palace which is the combination of Iranian-European design in order to keep the privacy of palaces. As travel consultants, we would highly recommend visiting this complex in one full day specifically in the morning in order to have sufficient time for get a ponder in such a marvelous royal garden.